mission is to reduce the number of injuries and deaths due to
June 29, 2004
|Fireworks Device Type||Estimated Injuries||Percent|
|All Selected Other Devices||2,600||46|
Source: NEISS, U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission/EPHA. 2002 Fireworks Annual Report: Fireworks-Related Deaths, Emergency Department Treated Injuries, and Enforcement Activities During 2002. Based on 169 reported emergency department visits between June 21, 2002 and July 1, 2002. Subtotals include categories listed directly below them. Totals may not add due to rounding. Estimates rounded to nearest 100 injuries.
The Cost of fireworks-related
The estimated annual cost of fireworks-related injuries is $100 million.3 Fireworks-related fires have caused at least $15 to $20 million in property loss each year in the past decade. 4
What prevention strategies should
There are both Federal and state laws to prohibit the public's access to fireworks. Federal law classifies them as hazardous substances. Under the Federal Hazardous Substance Act, Federal law has banned some large very dangerous fireworks, including re-loadable shells, cherry bombs, and large firecrackers that contain 2 grains of powder. The Bureau of Customs and Border Protection tries to see that illegal fireworks are not shipped over the border but enforcement is difficult. In 2002, the Bureau of Customs and Border Patrol along with the Consumer Product Safety Commission, tested 375 fireworks shipments and found that 30% were out of compliance.5
Seven states (AZ, DE, GA, MA, NJ, NY, and
RI) have banned the sale of fireworks and the number of
fireworks-related injuries seen by emergency departments in these states has declined.
See United States showing type of state laws: Map
See United State Laws by State: State Laws
See the NFPA's Model Fireworks Law.
Fireworks can turn a happy celebration into a potentially traumatic experience for both children and adults. The Consumer Product Safety Commission recommends that fireworks be ignited only by professionals.
The Trauma Foundation believes that state laws banning the sale of fireworks are sensible; they work. Such laws can reduce the health costs related to these injuries and, more importantly, help prevent needless injuries and deaths .
References & Resources
1. National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, CDC. Spotlight on Injuries from Fireworks. http://www.cdc.gov./ncipc/duip/spotlite/firework_spot.htm
2. MMWR weekly 1992. 41:451-4
3. Marion County, IN, 1986-1991.MMWR weekly 6/23/00 49(24):545-6. (cost estimates are for US)
4. NFPA Online http://www.nfpa.org/Research/nfpafactsheets/fireworks/fireworks.asp
5. 2002 Fireworks Annual Report CPSC. http://www.cpsc.gov/LIBRARY/2002fwreport.pdf. p 17.